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Green Opus Quiz results out!

The Green Opus quiz witnessed a very enthusiastic participation yesterday, on the 31st of January, with the audience also pitching in with a lot of answers.

The results were:
1st: Rajputs
2nd: Mauryans
3rd: Marathas
4th: Mughals

Cheers to the winners! Keep looking at this space for future results.

Green Opus 2012-13

Group for Environment and Energy Engineering (GE3) is back with Green Opus, the Inter-hall sustainability championship, this time with more charm to it. This time it accounts for 12% (total points:1200) in the General Championship and the stakes are even higher. Green Opus has always been known as the event which can turn tables in the General Championship and this phase will decide the final winner of Green Opus 2012-13. The second and final phase shall include:

Electricity Usage Reduction (Weightage in Green Opus: 600 pts)

  • Base months: September 2011, January 2012
  • Judging months: September 2012, January 2013
  • Percentage reduction in per capita energy usage from “Base Months” to “Judging Months” will be calculated.

Food Wastage Reduction (Weightage in Green Opus: 360 pts)

  • Judging Month: January 2013
  • Average per capita food wastage will be calculated for each pool during the judging month.
  • The average per capita food wastage will be compared across all the pools and based on that rankings will be decided.

Poster Design (Weightage in Green Opus: 50 pts)

  • Topic: Water Wastage on Campus
  • Details can be found here.

Case Study Competition (Weightage in Green Opus: 70 pts)

  • Topic: Electricity wastage in the Academic Area
  • Details can be found here.

Video Making (Weightage in Green Opus: 70 pts)

  • Topic: Steps Taken by your Pool to Reduce Wastage of Resources
  • Event details can be found here

Environment Quiz (Weightage in Green Opus: 50 pts)

  • Will be held on 31st January, 2013.

Now is the time to become more responsible and contribute to the  environment. It can’t get better than this. An environment friendly lifestyle will not only help save the planet, it will also help your pool win.

“Be Responsible,
Help Your Pool Win!”

Submit all your entries at: by 31st January 2013.

For any queries, you may contact:
Avish Rana:
Shashank Shekhar:
Sahil Bhandari:

Siemens Youth University Idea Contest 2012

We have participated in the Siemens Youth university idea contest 2012. The report can be found here

Green Opus 2011-12 Results

Mughals comprising Hall 5 & Hall 8 have been declared the overall winners of Green opus 2011-12. Congratulations! Detailed report can be found here

GREEN OPUS: Inter-Hall Sustainability Championship 2011-12

Group for Environment & Energy Engineering (GE3) presents Green Opus 2011-12, IIT Kanpur’s Inter-Hall Sustainability Championship. This year, it gets bigger and better with the inclusion of the ‘Mess Food Wastage Reduction’ challenge along with the erstwhile challenge of reducing electricity consumption. The main motive of Green opus is to exploit students’ spirit of teamwork and competition for inculcating sustainable and green practices in institute’s culture. So be a part of the movement, contribute to the environment that you are a part of.

“Be Responsible,


Help Your Pool Win!”

This year, Green Opus will be conducted in two phases, one in each semester as described below:

Phase I: Electricity Consumption Reduction Month (1st-30th Sept, 2011)

An Overview:

First phase of Green Opus 2011-12 kicks off on Sept 1st, 2011. It carries 60% weightage in Green opus 2011-12. Electricity usage readings for Sept 2011, from Halls Of Residence I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VII, IX, X and GH, will be monitored by GE3 members and authenticated by the Institute Works Department (IWD). Reduction in electricity consumption will be measured as a percentage change from the electricity usage during Sept 2010. So, junta! Stop wasting electricity, we will be watching you.

Judging Criteria:

  • Percentage reduction in per capita electricity consumption during Sept 2011 from that in Sept 2010 will be the primary judging criterion.
  • To take into account the limited scope of reduction for halls with low per capita consumption, a Hall Scaling Factor (HSF), based on the hall’s per capita consumption relative to average per capita consumption of all the halls, will be included in judging criteria.
  • Pools will get ranks on the basis of their percentage reduction in per capita consumption scaled by HSFs.
  • Hall 1, being mentor hall, will not be considered for judging.

Phase II: Mess Food Wastage Reduction Month

Weightage in Green Opus 2011-2012       :     40%

Tentative Competition Month                    :      January 2012

Details will be uploaded at appropriate time.

For any queries contact:

Divakar Naidu


Kapil Singh


Green Opus Galaxy 2010 Results!!

Final Standings



1. Pool A 3.38 Points

2. Pool B 3.04 Points

3. Pool C 2.19 Points

4. Pool D 1.39 Points

Key Facts

1. Highest consumption of energy takes place in January and least in December.

2. All halls except Hall 3 showed a net power reduction.

  • On an average the (total sum) consumption of a student in IIT Kanpur reduced by approximately 50 units from October 2010 to January 2011 this year when compared to the same period in the previous year 2010.

Key Suggestions

  • Pareto’s law states that 80% of our problems are are caused by 20 % of our problems. We can see that during the four months we consume the most (~40%) in January. Thus we should concentrate our efforts in limiting energy usage in January.
  • Similarly energy usage in Hall 6 (GH2) should be reassessed to make the energy consumption more efficient there. Other halls that can be concentrated upon are Hall 7 and Hall 8.
Speaker:  Dr. S.P. Viswanathan (Bio Data)
Date:      19th October, 2010, Tuesday
Time:      5:05 PM to 6:00 PM
Location:  L-13 in Lecture Hall Complex
The presentation will describe the principles of the linear Fresnel system of concentrating sun’s
energy, development of the various components involved, and the experimental results obtained. A
video of the saturated steam gushing out of the exit will be shown. Also another video will show
production of direct superheated steam at 33 bar and 260 C. Perhaps thisis the first time it has been
accomplished in India.  The need for the selective absorber coating on the receiver tubes that maximizes
absorptivity and minimizes emissivity will be emphasized.

Using solar energy-generated steam KG Design Services is also engaged in desalination by multiple
effect distillation instead of the conventional reverse-osmosis method. A solar desalination plant
built before October 2011 will deliver 6000 litres / hour of desalinated water to the people of
Ramanathapuram, Tamil Nadu.  There are also efforts underway to build India’s first solar-biomass
 hybrid power plant and to carry out research in algae cultivation for the sake of producing biofuel
and biomass.

Economic Aspects of Nuclear Power in India:A Study


This is a long article.So here is the index for the article.

  1. Abstract
  2. Introduction
  3. Factors affecting the cost of nuclear power
  4. Levelised cost of electricity of Kaiga I and II
  5. Economic analysis of a coal power plant
  6. Ultra Mega power projects and the Carbon credits
  7. Hydro power
  8. Comparison
  9. Conclusion
  10. References

  11. 1.Abstract

    back to index
    This article discusses the economic aspects of nuclear power generation in the Indian context and is based on a presentation made on this topic on October 18, 2008 at IIT Kanpur at the NPE-2008 symposium conducted by the Indian Nuclear Society. Data from various sources has been collected and compiled to compare nuclear power generation cost with a coal fired power plant and hydroelectric power plant.


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    India depends upon various sources for her power requirements. The break up of the power is as given below

    Total installed nuclear power generation capacity is 4120 MW (source: NPCIL) combining the seven plants located in various parts of the country and is small compared to the coal based plants and hydel plants. India’s power deficit stood at 73,050 million units in 2007-08, during this period 653,172 million units were supplied against a demand of 726,222 million units (source: Deccan Herald, Aug 2008). According to the planning commission of India the optimistic nuclear power scenario is summarised in the following table:

    Items 2006 2016* 2021*
    Total Installed Capacity in GW 134.7 303 425-488
    Nuclear Capacity in GW 4.12 15 30
    Nuclear as a % of total 3.06% 4.95% 6.74%

    * denotes predicted value.
    (Source: Integrated Energy Policy, Planning Commission, August, 2006)

    Current location of power plants is summarised in the following sketch (not to scale) :

    Source: Government of India, Department of Atomic Energy

    We can see that the nuclear power plants are strategically located at a distance greater than 800 km from the coal fields this has been done to make the nuclear power competitive with thermal power in the area it is located.

    3. Factors affecting the cost of nuclear power

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    Parameters (that we have considered) involved in the economics of nuclear power plant or in general any plant.

    1. Capital costs (Overnight Capital cost)
    2. O & M costs
    3. Fuel cost
    4. Construction time
    5. Levelized cost of generation (assessment parameter)
    6. Economic life time of the project.
    7. Discount Rate
    8. Decommissioning costs

    4. Levelised cost of electricity of Kaiga I and II

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    The approach of levelised cost of electricity is one of the most popular approaches to compare the cost of power.First the present value of the plant is calculated by discounting all the future expenses to the present and then deciding at what price of electricity one can recover all the expenses that will be incurred during the construction, operation and decommissioning periods.

    Present value is calculated by using the following mathematical expression

    C1 = capital cost in year 1.
    M = total number of years of construction before reactor becomes
    i = real discount rate.
    N = number of years in operation
    Ok = O and M costs in Kth year of operation.
    Fk = fuel cost in year K of operation
    Wj = waste disposal cost in year j
    P = cooling time for spent fuel
    Dq = decommissioning cost.
    T = time difference in stopping of reactor function and decommissioning.

    Where Ce is the levelised cost of electricity and Ek are the units of electricity sold in year k, i is the real discount rate.Thus we can calculate the LCOE of the plant by equating both the expressions. The values of the symbols for Kaiga I and II are as follows:

    Field Units
    Sum of annual construction costs Rs 1816 Crore
    (Without IDC)
    Capacity 440 MW
    Auxiliary consumption 12 %
    Economic lifetime 40 years
    Uranium fuel price Rs 16450 /kg
    Initial Uranium loading 111.6 tonnes
    Uranium consumption 2.05E-05 kg/kwh
    Heavy water price Rs 24880 / kg
    Initial heavy water loading 420 tonnes
    Heavy water losses 14000 kg/ year
    Transport of spent fuel 878 Rs/ kg
    Decommissioning cost 10% of capital cost
    Operation and Maintenance 2% of the capital cost

    Source Ramanna, D’Sa, Reddy, 2005

    Using the discount rate as 1% and power production to run at 80% of sanctioned capacity we get LCOE for Kaiga I and II= Rs 1.18 /kWh.Plant life was assumed to be 40 years.

    5. Economic analysis of a coal power plant

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    Similar to the nuclear power plant the factors that affect the coal power plant are nearly the same.

    Factors affecting the cost of production
    1. Capital cost
    2. Fuel cost
    3. O & M
    4. Waste disposal
    5. Economic lifetime of power plant

    Field Units
    Sum of Capital Cost during Construction Rs 491.3 Crore
    Capacity 210 MW
    In plant consumption rate 8.5 %
    Economic lifetime 30 years
    Coal cost ( domestic ) Rs 1412 per tonne
    Coal consumption 0.63 kg/kWh
    Heat Rate 2,362.5 kCal/kWh
    Ash disposal cost Rs 174 per tonne
    Furnace oil consumption 2 mL/kWh
    Furnace oil cost Rs 18 per litre
    O & M 2 % of the capital

    Source: et al Ramanna 2005

    We can calculate the LCOE is 1.33 Rs. Economic life of 30 years for a thermal power plant has been assumed.

    We can compare our results now.

    Kaiga I & II RTPS VII(D)
    Capacity cost (including O&M) Rs/kWh 0.65 0.27
    Heavy Water make-up cost Rs/net kWh 0.13 0.00
    Fuel cost Rs/net kWh 0.38 1.01
    LCOE Rs /kWh 1.18 1.33

    The results for different values of discount rate are given below-

    Discount Rate Percentage Kaiga I & II RTPS VII Rs/kWh
    1 1.18 1.33
    2 1.32 1.36
    3 1.48 1.39
    4 1.66 1.42
    5 1.87 1.45
    6 2.10 1.49

    Clearly nuclear power becomes cheaper for realistic values of discount rates greater than 5%. Considering 6% discount rate for 2007 at 5% inflation we get LCOE for Kaiga I and II as 2.68 Rs/kWh and for RTPS VII as 1.90 Rs/kWh.It is to be noted that distance of this nuclear power plant is greater than 1200 km from the coal fields but we find that the cost still fail to compete with that of the coal power plant. Also the waste disposal expenses have not been considered, which are going to be substantial, and are nascent at present. On the other hand ash waste disposal in coal plants is cheaper as establishments are ready to buy it against the assumption that the plant pays for it.

    It is thus impressed that in spite of favorable assumptions nuclear power is found to trail behind the coal fired power at present.

    6. Ultra Mega power projects and the Carbon credits

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    With the UMPP’s on the scene it is expected that certain coal power plants will achieve significant economy of scale which can gain significant carbon credits if implemented. The following figure shows the effect of CER price on the LCOE of the generated electricity. It can be seen that there is a significant economic advantage that these coals fired power plants can expect to get in near future.

    Source: UMPP risk analysis British High Commission

    7. Hydro power

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    Due to less data available the subject has been chosen to be the Nungleiban H.E. Project in the Bishnupur district of Manipur.

    Following is the projected data on this plant which will be constructed in near future-

    Sum of Initial cost of constrction without IDC Rs 841.99 crore
    Capacity 105 MW
    Economic Life 35-40 years

    Assuming the O and M costs to be 2.5 % of the inisital cost we get the LCOE as 3.37 Rs/kWh. However such high LCOE is certainly due to the fact of the hilly and tough terrain on which the plant is to be constructed and because there is no economy of scale. As there is no fuel cost there are quite a few examples which impress the fact that hydro power is one of the cleanest options whish is cheap and economic.

    8. Comparison

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    Certainly the prices calculated are indicative and can not be very accurate due to lack of data un the public domain, but they certainly indicate that nuclear power seems to be more expensive than coal fired plant. This might also be due to the fact that the economy of scale that exists in coal fired domain is still not there in the nuclear fired power plant. Following is a comparison between average tariff charged for nuclear power and all India average rate of purchase of electricity by State Electricity Boards.

    Source: Thakur et al 2005

    This is clearly indicative of the fact that the current trend indicates that on an average nuclear power is more expensive than other options.Following are the average tariffs of the nuclear power plants in India.

    Tarapur I and II 0.93 Rs/kWh
    Madras I and II 1.81 Rs/kWh
    Narora I and II 1.91 Rs/kWh
    Kakrapar I and II 2.04 Rs/kWh
    Tarapur 3 and IV 2.65 Rs/kWh/td>
    Kaiga I and II 2.79 Rs/kWh
    Rajasthan II, III and IV 2.79 Rs/kWh

    Considering this and that they have been established for quite some time we can compare them with the prices that have been offered by the various UMPP projects that have been awarded recently the tariffs are as follows:

    • Tata Mundra UMPP: 2.26 Rs/kWh
    • RPL Sasan UMPP :1.20 Rs/kWh
    • RPL Krisnapatnam :UMPP 2.33 Rs/kWh

    9. Conclusion

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    It is difficult to estimate exact prices but it is for certain that at present nuclear power is more expensive than traditional sources. Furthermore it is difficult to forecast the situation of the future as the geopolitical issues that are associated with nuclear fuel are  quite complex and sensitive.There are other issues related to the mining of nuclear fuel and there has been quite an unrest in areas in Meghalaya where mining is proposed which seems quite justified if conditions of Jaduguda mines in Andhra Pradesh are considered an example.The disposal of nuclear waste is another issue that needs to be looked upon. Until we close the nuclear fuel cycle in practice, some way of disposing the spent fuel has to be thought of as there are serious security issues related to this. This problem is bound to get bigger as there are a large number of power plants that are about to come up.


    back to index

    • MV Ramanna. Economics of Nuclear energy from heavy water reactors
    • British Council UMPP- risk analysis report
    • National Hydropower Corporation
    • Ministry of Coal
    • Department of Atomic Energy
    • Ministry of Power
    • Central Electric Authority
    • Solar Energy Centre
    • International Energy Agency, Projected Cost of Electricity 2005 update.
    • Winds of Change MS Srinivasan, RB Grover, Sb Bhardwaj
    • University of Chicago, Economic future of Nuclear Energy
    • Levelized Cost of electricity version 2.0, Lazard
    • September 2, 2007 People’s Democracy, Prabir Purkayastha
    • MV Ramanna, Economics of Nuclear Power subsidies and competitiveness.

    Author:Anand Vardhan Mishra

Art of Household Refrigeration

The refrigerator is perhaps the highest electricity consuming device in our homes. A major portion of our electricity bills is due to this and considering the number of refrigerators in India at present it can be easily be inferred that refrigerators are eating up a very high percentage of electricity of the country.
We therefore need to look up to how we can maintain our refrigerators and thus save energy by implementing some simple ideas into practice.

1. Open the refrigerator door sparingly, as every time it is opened cold air inside is replaced by the hot air outside which needs to be cooled. This results in compressor doing more work and thus adds to the electricity consumption significantly.

2. Hot items should be first cooled to room temperature before putting them in the refrigerator. This helps minimising compressor work.

3. Condenser coils behind or beneath the refrigerator should be cleaned once or twice a year as dust and grime insulates it from the surroundings and lowers the refrigerator efficiency.

4. Check door for door gasket air leaks. This can be done by putting a flashlight into the refrigerator and looking for light leaks. It is worth mentioning that door gasket air leaks account for a third of regular heat load of the refrigerators, and thus any defective door gaskets must be replaced immediately.

5. Avoid unnecessarily low temperature settings. Ideal temperature setting for the freezer is -18oC and that for the refrigerator is 30oC. Not adhering to this limit can increase electricity consumption by more than 25% !!

6. Avoid excessive ice build up in the interiors of the evaporator, ice insulates the interiors from the refrigerant and thus decreases efficiency. One should go for a frost free refrigerator if buying a new one.

7. Use the power-saver switch that controls the heating coils and prevents condensation on the outside surfaces in humid environments. The low wattage heaters are used to raise the temperature of the outer surfaces of the
refrigerator at critical locations above the dew point in order to avoid water droplets forming on the surfaces and sliding down. Condensation is most likely to occur in summer in hot and humid climates in homes without air-conditioning. The moisture formation on the surfaces is undesirable since it may cause the painted finish of the outer surface to deteriorate and it may wet the kitchen floor. About 10 percent of the total energy consumed by the refrigerator can be saved by turning this heater off and keeping it off unless there is visible condensation on the outer surfaces.

8. Give the refrigerator some place to breathe!! Blocking air flow to the refrigerator hampers the performance of the condenser and thus decreases efficiency.

1. Thermodynamics-An Engineering Approach, Cengel and Boles.


As the world progresses into the 21st century rapid development is taking place everywhere. This is no bad as development is necessary to sustain. But the problem occurs when development is done in such a way that it reduces the chances of sustainability. For example, human beings use natural resources for surviving but these natural resources will not last long until replenished and that requires some effort from our side, but do we give our time and energy to that effort? The answer is obviously NO. Thus these resources are getting used up and one day we will be out of fuel, wood, coal, etc. But there are people who are working so that they can if not replenish the resources but find and put into use other resources which can replace the existing ones in near future.

GASE: Group for Alternative Sources of Energy is one such group of young thinkers who believe that possibilities can be turned into opportunities and opportunities into fully fledged goals. We believe that alternate sources of energy can alleviate our country from several of its problems and make it shoot itself right amongst the top nations of the world. This belief is what brought us all together and is driving us to do whatever we can to make our fellowmen believe in what we believe to be true.
Our world needs energy and energy as such needs dissemination. It has to be looked upon as a tool for progress and not as a social issue to be just blabbered upon. When we first thought of starting such a group there were some dark and black magic people who tried to tell us that thinking of such dissemination would be foolish, but then they never realized the magic as we did. Ground level application of indigenously developed solutions for energy problems is what we are looking at in the near future and we have had a fair bit of experience at this in the past few months.

The group is in its primary stage of operation. The summers saw the initial phase of work where we decided on certain objectives which had to be completed in the following weeks. We shortlisted certain alternative sources of producing energy on which either work was being carried out in the campus or in other institutes across the country. We started identifying workshops and seminars on these fields. One such seminar was on the biogasifiers held in Bangalore and conducted by professors of IISc Bangalore with the help of TERI (The Energy Research Institute). Apart from knowing everything about biogasifiers the group members also noted some really interesting points in the seminar. The first thing they noted when they reached the institute was that no other student group was attending the seminar, all the other people were either NGOs or government employees and all of them aged 35+. This is a major issue that young blood which is believed to have the power to change the world is not even interested to save their future. Any research work that goes on has a student to work on it, if there are no students then how will the work go on? Other points they noted were all technical and given below.


Biogasifier is not a new concept. It was used as far back as the Second World War to power vehicles when petrol was unavailable. The technology is simple and relies on the production.In Layman’s terms:

i)Feed wood to the gasifier.

ii)Incomplete combustion of wood with 30% oxygen supply.

iii)Producer gas (CO+O2) obtained and supplied for consumption.

The officials from the NGOs and discussed the problems they were facing at the ground level. One of them being that of very less skilled workforce. The others just summed up to problems due to lack of technology dissemination. This little stint in Bangalore gave us enough confidence to come back and start working towards our objectives.The group met Dr. A. K. Shukla, director Central Electrochemical Research Institute (CECRI) located in Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu who came here to deliver the lecture on “FUEL CELLS Fueling Future Cars”. When he learned that a group of UG students have started a group for development of alternate sources of energy he was pleased and invited the group to CECRI,Karaikudi for some ground research work on fuel cells. He helped us to refine the goals of the group and give a sharper focus on the use of fuel cells as sources of energy.The dusshera holidays saw a memorable trip of GASE team members to New Delhi. There they met Mr. Veerendra Kothari, an alumnus Mechanical Engg. Department (77 batch) to discuss details of the energy efficiency project and their presentation on Nuclear Energy Economy presentation as discussed later in the article. They also visited the RETREAT centre built by TERI in Gurgaon which is an energy efficient building to study its various innovative features to making it energy self sufficient. They also went to Solar Energy Centre (SEC) and IIT Delhi to
see what is happening there in these fields and befriended many people who offered to guide the group.

The group is working right now on four projects:

1-ENERGY EFFICIENCY: A herculean task taken by the group to improve the energy efficiency within the campus of IIT Kanpur including reducing its electricity bill. As we all know that the total electricity bill of IITK last year came out to be Rs.9 crore (approx.) and the group believes that it can be brought down. This includes study of very minute details of the energy wastage in all hostels and other parts of campus and then providing an efficient way to reduce energy wastage. This also includes harnessing the energy from waste materials. This if properly taken through will be the biggest and most important project taken up by the group in its initial stages with an ultimate goal of an energy efficient campus.
2-SOLAR PANEL INSTALLATION (Dr. S. Khandekar): To set up solar panels and parabolic reflectors to harness solar energy within the campus providing energy for a lab and to analyze its efficiency. This will give us hands on experience to the team involved in setting up a system and working on its various nuances. They have assembled the solar water heater, Photovoltaic plates, and Solar Cooker using Parabolic Concentrator of TATA BP behind the RAC lab. The installation is complete and the functioning is estimated to start by the end of the year. The rest of the work remains to be the analysis of the efficiency of the equipments and if
possible try to make better energy efficient models. Further plans include experiments on Parabolic Concentrator, to produce steam of temperature more than 250 deg Celsius and then using steam turbines generate electricity which hasn’t been done in India.
3-FUEL CELL OPTIMISATION: Optimizing the performance of fuel cell by studying the various permutations and combinations of input parameters providing maximum output. A fuel cell generates electricity by reacting H+ ions and O2- ions giving only water as the by product. It has fuel (on the anode side i.e.H2 gas) and an oxidant (on the cathode side i.e.O2 gas), which react in the  presence of an electrolyte to give electricity. A proton-conducting polymer membrane, (the electrolyte), separates the anode and cathode sides. The fuel cell to be worked on is a PEM (poly ethylene membrane) with solid electrolyte.
4- RURAL ELECTRIFICATION THROUGH SOLAR ENERGY (Prof. S.S.K.Iyer):Involving the setup of a standalone power generating solar PV system to provide energy to a school and a hostel, at a remote site in Orissa. The power requirement is estimated to be around 12-16 kWh but the group plans to setup a plant of around 40-50 kWh so that the local needs of energy may also be fulfilled and there may still be scope for supporting more buildings if the school grows in future. It is one of the most challenging projects faced by the group concerning the present situation of the state. This is the only project with ground level work in real time
The groups work also included a presentation on “Economic Aspects of Nuclear Power” at the “Mini symposium on Indian Nuclear Power Program” that was presented before the vice-president of Areva (world’s biggest nuclear power company), delegates of BARC and members of the Indian Nuclear Society which include high profile scientists from research, industry and academia. They were guided by Prof Prabhat Munshi. Everyone present was pleasantly surprised to know that a group of students of second year was giving a presentation before this gathering of who’s who of Indian nuclear energy scene. Overall response of all was highly positive and the organizers appreciated the GASE’s presentation in the symposium which gave, even the dignitaries some food for thought.
The group is working to provide new energy solutions to the world because that day is not far when most of the fuel sources will get exhausted and that crisis will lead to an economical instability which will adversely affect the nation. The research on Alternate Sources of Energy is as important as any other thing in this world so as to save it from ultimate disaster and for humanity to sustain.
Our future endeavors include:
1. Getting involved with the organizations working in the field of energy and technologydissemination.
2. Getting more dedicated people involved with the group.
3. Creating possibilities of innovation and collaboration with other institutes.
4. Organising seminars to disseminate to discuss current work, disseminating knowledge and learning form each other.
With the ultimate aim of:
“Complete energy independence of the country”
The magic is here to stay and so are us wizards. The dark magic people can take a back seat and look at the world plunge into light.

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